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David Barton (author)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
David Barton
A recent picture of Mr Barton 2014-01-30 07-15.jpeg
Born 1954 (age 59–60)
Residence Aledo, Texas
Nationality American
Alma mater B.A., Oral Roberts University
Occupation Author, executive
David Barton (born 1954) is an American evangelical Christian minister,[1] conservative activist, and author. He founded WallBuilders, a Texas-based organization which promotes the view that it is a myth that the US Constitution insists on separation of church and state.[2][3] Barton is the former vice chair of the Republican Party of Texas. He has been described as a Christian nationalist and "one of the foremost Christian revisionist historians"; much of his work is devoted to advancing the idea, based upon research that many historians describe as flawed,[4] that the United States was founded as an explicitly Christian nation.[5]
Barton collects early American documents, and his official biography describes him as "an expert in historical and constitutional issues".[6] Barton holds no formal credentials in history or law, and scholars dispute the accuracy and integrity of his assertions about history, accusing him of practicing misleading historical revisionism, "pseudoscholarship" and spreading "outright falsehoods".[7][8][9][10] According to the New York Times, "many professional historians dismiss Mr. Barton, whose academic degree is in Christian Education from Oral Roberts University, as a biased amateur who cherry-picks quotes from history and the Bible."[4] Barton's 2012 book The Jefferson Lies was voted "the least credible history book in print" by the users of the History News Network website.[11] The book's publisher, the Christian publishing house Thomas Nelson, disavowed the book and withdrew it from sale. A senior executive said that Thomas Nelson could not stand by the book because "basic truths just were not there."[12]
A 2005 Time magazine article entitled "The 25 Most Influential Evangelicals" called Barton "a major voice in the debate over church–state separation" who, despite the fact that "many historians dismiss his thinking... [is] a hero to millions—including some powerful politicians."[13] Barton has appeared on television and radio programs, including those of former Republican presidential candidate Mike Huckabee and Glenn Beck. Beck has praised Barton as "the Library of Congress in shoes".[14] In September 2013, POLITICO reported that he has returned to the political arena and is advising state legislators on how to fight the Common Core academic standards promoted by the Obama administration.[12]
Contents  [hide] 
1 Early life
2 Politics
3 Affiliations
4 Media
5 Reception of Barton's work
5.1 The Jefferson Lies withdrawn from publication
5.2 "Unconfirmed Quotations"
6 References
7 External links
Early life[edit]

Barton is a lifelong resident of Aledo, Texas, 40 miles west of Fort Worth. He graduated from Aledo High School in 1972.[1] He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in religious education from Oral Roberts University in 1976.[15][16]
After graduating, Barton served as a church youth director.[17] He taught math and science and eventually became principal at Aledo Christian School, a ministry of the charismatic church started by Barton's parents.[1][18][19]
In 1987 Barton formed Specialty Research Associates, Inc., a company which states that it "focuses on the historical research of issues relating to America's constitutional, moral, and religious heritage." Specialty Research Associates has submitted amicus curiae briefs in court cases.[16][20][21]
Barton is the founder and president of the Aledo-based group WallBuilders.[22] WallBuilders publishes and sells most of Barton's books and videos, some of which present Barton's position that the modern view of separation of church and state is not consistent with the views of the Founders.[23] Among other beliefs about the religion clauses of the First Amendment, they argue that its religion clauses were not intended to include such faiths as Paganism and Witchcraft, but only monotheistic religions, and perhaps solely Christianity.[24]
Barton is married and has three grown children, including a daughter who performs minority outreach for the Republican Party of Texas.[1]

Barton is a former Vice Chairman of the Texas Republican Party and has acted as a political consultant to the Republican National Committee on outreach to evangelicals.[13][25][26]
There was a Tea Party movement to get him run against Senator John Cornyn in the 2014 Senate election from Texas.[27] However, Barton announced on November 6, 2013, that he would not run for the seat.[28]

He serves on the Board of Advisors of the National Council on Bible Curriculum in Public Schools.[29] This curriculum contains direct quotations from Barton's books, recommends the resources published by WallBuilders, and advocates showing that group's video, Foundations of American Government, at the beginning of the course.[30]
Barton serves on the Board of Advisors of the Providence Foundation.[31] In an article discussing Barton, The Nation described the Providence Foundation as "a Christian Reconstructionist group that promotes the idea that biblical law should be instituted in America."[32]
Barton, in his book The Myth of Separation, states his belief that Christians were the ones who were intended to hold public office and that Jews and members of other sects were not.[33] According to Skipp Porteous of the Massachusetts-based Institute for First Amendment Studies, Barton was listed in promotional literature as a "new and special speaker" at a 1991 summer retreat in Colorado sponsored by Scriptures for America, a far-right Christian Identity ministry headed by Pastor Pete Peters, which has been linked to neo-Nazi groups.[34] Barton's assistant Kit Marshall said in 1993 that Barton was previously unaware of the anti-Semitic and racist views of these groups.[35][36] In September 2011, Barton sued two former Texas State Board of Education candidates for posting a video on YouTube that stated that he was "known for speaking at white supremacist rallies".[37]
Barton is a lecturer for Glenn Beck's online Beck University.[38]

Barton was filmed in 1994 for the docudrama America: A Call to Greatness
Barton received two Angel Awards,[39] from the group Excellence in Media.[40] Time magazine included him in its list of "The 25 Most Influential Evangelicals in America".[41] Barton has been a frequent guest on Trinity Broadcasting Network, including the "American Heritage Series" in 2007 and the "Building on the American Heritage Series" in 2011.[42] Barton has also appeared on the The 700 Club,[43] and The Daily Show.[44]
Barton's 2013 appearance on Kenneth Copeland's "Believer's Voice of Victory" received wider attention when Barton made statements linking abortion and climate change.[45][46][47]
Reception of Barton's work[edit]

Barton has been praised by U.S. conservatives Mike Huckabee, Newt Gingrich, Michele Bachmann[4] and Governor Sam Brownback of Kansas.[48]
He has received criticism from the following:
J. Brent Walker of the Baptist Joint Committee for Religious Liberty,[49]
Rob Boston of Americans United for Separation of Church and State,[50]
Gordon College History professor Stephen Phillips,[51]
Senator Arlen Specter,[7]
The Anti-Defamation League,[52]
Senior Research Director for the Military Religious Freedom Foundation Chris Rodda,[53]
Messiah College history professor John Fea[54][55]
Baylor University historian Barry Hankins,[56] and Grove City College professors Warren Throckmorton
Michael Coulter[57]
Jay W. Richards, senior fellow at the Christian conservative Discovery Institute, stated in 2012 that Barton's books and videos are full of "embarrassing factual errors, suspiciously selective quotes, and highly misleading claims."[58] The Southern Poverty Law Center describes Barton's work as "anti-gay" "historical revisionism", noting that Barton has no formal training in history.[59]
The Jefferson Lies withdrawn from publication[edit]
In 2012, Barton's New York Times best-seller[60] The Jefferson Lies was voted "the least credible history book in print" by the users of the History News Network website.[11] A group of ten conservative Christian professors reviewed the work and formed a negative view of its claims, reporting that Barton has misstated facts about Jefferson.[58][61] In August 2012, Christian publisher Thomas Nelson withdrew the book from publication and stopped production, announcing that they had "lost confidence in the book's details" and "learned that there were some historical details included in the book that were not adequately supported."[62][63] Glenn Beck announced that his Mercury Ink imprint would issue a new edition of the book,[64] for issuing once the 17,000 remaining copies that Barton bought of the Thomas Nelson edition had been sold.[65]
"Unconfirmed Quotations"[edit]
In an article titled "Unconfirmed Quotations", Barton conceded that he has not located primary sources for eleven alleged quotes from James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and U.S. Supreme Court decisions (hence, the title of the article), but maintained that the quotes were "completely consistent" with the views of the Founders.[66] This drew criticism from Rob Boston of Americans United for Separation of Church and State, who in 1996 accused Barton of "shoddy workmanship", and said that despite these and other corrections, Barton's work "remains rife with distortions of history and court rulings".[67] WallBuilders responded to its critics by saying that Barton followed "common practice in the academic community" in citing secondary sources, and that in publishing "Unconfirmed Quotations", Barton's intent was to raise the academic bar in historical debates pertinent to public policy.[66]
The Texas Monthly noted in 2006[1] that Barton has denied saying that in his famous letter to Danbury Baptists[68] "Jefferson referred to the wall of separation between church and state as 'one-directional'—that is, it was meant to restrain government from infringing on the church's domain but not the other way around. There is no such language in the letter." The article goes on to say that this denial is contradicted by a 1990 version of Barton's video America's Godly Heritage in which Barton states:
On January 1, 1802, Jefferson wrote to that group of Danbury Baptists, and in this letter, he assured them—he said the First Amendment has erected a wall of separation between church and state, he said, but that wall is a one-directional wall. It keeps the government from running the church, but it makes sure that Christian principles will always stay in government.
Barton's legitimacy was reported to be growing in 2006, due largely to his first non-self-published work, a 2003 article in the Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy, (Volume XVII Issue No. 2, 2003, p. 399), a "rather tame survey" on Jefferson's writings about the First Amendment.[1]

^ Jump up to: a b c d e f Blakeslee, Nate (September 2006). "King Of the Christocrats". Texas Monthly 34 (9): 1. ISSN 0148-7736. Retrieved 2008-11-10.
Jump up ^ Billy Bruce (1992-02-18). "First Amendment specialist views church/state separation as "myth"". Daytona Beach Sunday News-Journal. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Jump up ^ "NOW: God's Country". PBS. 2006-04-28. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
^ Jump up to: a b c Eckholm, Erik (May 4, 2011). "Using History to Mold Ideas on the Right". New York Times.
Jump up ^ What is Christian Nationalism?, Michelle Goldberg,, May 14, 2006
Jump up ^ "David Barton Bio". Wallbuilders. 2001-09-11. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
^ Jump up to: a b Specter, Arlen (Spring 1995). "Defending the wall: Maintaining church/state separation in America". Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 18 (2): 575–590. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
Jump up ^ "David Barton - Propaganda Masquerading as History", People for the American Way, Retrieved on April 9, 2013
Jump up ^ Boston, Rob (2007). "Dissecting the religious right's favorite Bible Curriculum", Americans United for Separation of Church and State, American Humanist Association. Retrieved on April 9, 2013
Jump up ^ Harvey, Paul (10 May 2011). "Selling the Idea of a Christian Nation: David Barton's Alternate Intellectual Universe". Religion Dispatches. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
^ Jump up to: a b Schuessler, Jennifer (2012-07-16). "And the Worst Book of History Is ...". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
^ Jump up to: a b Stephanie Simon, "Evangelical historian remains key ally of right, POLITICO Sept 8, 2013
^ Jump up to: a b 25 Most Influential Evangelicals in America, Time
Jump up ^ Kayla Webley (2010-07-07). "Perusing the Glenn Beck University Curriculum Guide". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Jump up ^ The Foundations of American Freedom, Christian Broadcasting Network
^ Jump up to: a b The Turnaround in Education, David Barton
Jump up ^ The Turnaround in Education, David Barton, Oral Roberts University
Jump up ^ "Aledo Christian School". 2011-06-22. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Jump up ^ "Aledo Christian School history" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Jump up ^ "Brief Amicus Curiae of Specialty Research Associates, Inc." (PDF). 2002-05-03. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Jump up ^ "Westside Community Bd. of Ed. v. Mergens, 496 U.S. 226 (1990)". Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Jump up ^ "Wallbuilders Overview". Wallbuilders. 2001-09-11. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Jump up ^ Barton, David. "The Separation of Church and State". Wall Builders. Retrieved 20 August 2012.
Jump up ^ "The Faith Divide: Christian Right's attack on rights - On Faith at". The Washington Post.
Jump up ^ History of the Republican Party of Texas
Jump up ^ The Dobson way, Dan Gilgoff, U.S. News & World Report, 1/9/05
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Jump up ^ Kopan, Tal. "David Barton won’t run against John Cornyn". Politico. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
Jump up ^ "NCBCPS Board of Directors and Advisors". National Council on Bible Curriculum in Public Schoolz. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Jump up ^ The Revised Curriculum of the National Council on Bible Curriculum in Public Schools, Mark A. Chancey, Assistant Professor, Department of Religious Studies, Southern Methodist University, October 2005
Jump up ^ Providence Foundation Mission statement
Jump up ^ In Contempt of Courts, Max Blumenthal, The Nation, April 11, 2005
Jump up ^ Don S. Wilkey, Jr. (April 2002). "A Christian Looks at the Religious Right: Responding to David Barton". Retrieved 2012-01-21.
Jump up ^ Luckett, Bill (1997-06-20). "Speaker Accused of Racist Ties: Christian Coalition denies Barton's links to white supremacists". Casper Star-Tribune. Retrieved 3 May 2012. Also
Jump up ^ "David Barton – Extremist 'Historian' for the Christian Right". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 2012-07-19.
Jump up ^ Boston, Rob (June 1996). "David Barton – Master of myth and misinformation". Public Eye (Institute for First Amendment Studies). Retrieved August 17, 2012.
Jump up ^ Christin Coyne (2011-09-14). "WallBuilders files libel suit against three". Weatherford Democrat. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Jump up ^ "Beck University". Retrieved July 8, 2010.
Jump up ^ "Angel Awards History". Excellence in Media. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Jump up ^ "Angel Awards 2007 Winners". Excellence in Media. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
Jump up ^ "The 25 Most Influential Evangelicals in America". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
Jump up ^ "American Heritage Series". Trinity Broadcast Network. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
Jump up ^ "David Barton on the 700 Club". Christian Broadcasting Network. Retrieved 2012-11-23.
Jump up ^ "David Barton". The Daily Show. 2012-05-01. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
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Jump up ^
Jump up ^
Jump up ^ Vaughn, Chris (May 22, 2005). "A man with a message; Self-taught historian's work on church-state issues rouses GOP". Baylor University. Archived from the original on September 20, 2006. Retrieved April 13, 2013. Originally published in the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, page 1A.
Jump up ^ [1] A Critique of David Barton's Views on Church and State by J. Brent Walker, April 1, 2005
Jump up ^ Texas Textbook Massacre Architect Backing Grayson Opponent by Ryan Grim, The Huffington Post, August 26, 2010
Jump up ^ Boston Theological Institute Newsletter Volume XXXIV, No. 17, January 25, 2005
Jump up ^ Cantor, David (1994). Religious Right: The Assault on Tolerance and Pluralism in America. Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith. ISBN 978-99946-746-9-5.
Jump up ^ Warren Throckmorton, an evangelical professor of psychology at Grove City College, a conservative Christian school in Pennsylvania. "If that's what people are passing off as Christian scholarship, there are claims in there that are easily proved false." Rodda, Chris (2011-05-05). "Do Well By Doing Good". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2011-05-20.
Jump up ^ Fea, John (2011). Was America Founded as a Christian Nation?: A Historical Introduction. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press. p. xxvi. ISBN 0-664-23504-2.
Jump up ^ "Blogging David Barton's Appearance on Jon Stewart". The Way of Improvement Leads Home. 2001-05-06-11. Retrieved 2012-05-05.
Jump up ^ Hankins, Barry (2002). Uneasy in Babylon. University: University of Alabama Press. p. 128. ISBN 0-8173-1142-4.
Jump up ^ Throckmorton, Warren; Coulter, Michael. Getting Jefferson Right: Fact Checking Claims about Our Third President [Kindle Edition]. Amazon Digital Services, 2012.
^ Jump up to: a b Kidd, Thomas (August 7, 2012). "The David Barton controversy". World (God's World Publications, World News Group). Retrieved April 9, 2013.
Jump up ^ David Barton, Southern Poverty Law Center
Jump up ^ Epps, Garrett (August 10, 2012). "Genuine Christian Scholars Smack Down an Unruly Colleague: The phony evangelical 'historian' David Barton meets his match at last.". The Atlantic magazine.
Jump up ^ Hagerty, Barbara Bradley (August 8, 2012). "The Most Influential Evangelist You've Never Heard Of". NPR.
Jump up ^ Kidd, Thomas (August 9, 2012). "Lost confidence", World, web extra.
Jump up ^ Bob Smietana (August 10, 2012). "Thomas Nelson drops 'Jefferson Lies' book over historical errors". The Tennessean.
Jump up ^ Kellogg, Carolyn (2012-08-21). "Glenn Beck to bring back recalled Thomas Jefferson history". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
Jump up ^ Garrett, Lynn (2012-08-17). "Jefferson Lies Author Negotiating New Edition with Glenn Beck’s Mercury Ink". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
^ Jump up to: a b Barton, David. "Unconfirmed Quotations". WallBuilders website.
Jump up ^ Boston, Rob (July–August 1996). "Consumer Alert: Wallbuilders Shoddy Workmanship". Church & State (Americans United for Separation of Church and State) 49 (7): 11–13. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
Jump up ^ Thomas Jefferson (1802-01-01). "Letter to the Danbury Baptists". Retrieved 2011-09-28.
External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to David Barton (author).
David Barton biography
Works by or about David Barton in libraries (WorldCat catalog)

Ingersoll, Julie (5 May 2011). "Pseudo-Historian David Barton in the Times and on The Daily Show". Religion Dispatches.

Feminist and journalist, Gloria Steinem has been a key figure in the women's movement since 1969. She founded Ms. magazine, starting in 1972. Her good looks and quick, humorous responses made her the media's favorite spokesperson for feminism, but she was often attacked by the radical elements in the women's movement for being too middle-class-oriented. She was an outspoken advocate for the Equal Rights Amendment and helped found the National Women's Political Caucus. Learn more: Gloria Steinem Biography

Selected Gloria Steinem Quotations

• This is no simple reform. It really is a revolution. Sex and race because they are easy and visible differences have been the primary ways of organizing human beings into superior and inferior groups and into the cheap labour in which this system still depends. We are talking about a society in which there will be no roles other than those chosen or those earned. We are really talking about humanism.

• I have met brave women who are exploring the outer edge of possibility, with no history to guide them and a courage to make themselves vulnerable that I find moving beyond the words to express it.  [from the 1972 preview issue of Ms. Magazine]

• [About Ms. Magazine's founding] I backed into it. I felt very strongly there should be a feminist magazine. But I didn't want to start it myself. I wanted to be a freelance writer. I'd never had a job, never worked in an office, never worked with a group before. It just happened.

• I always wanted to be a writer. I got into activism just because it needed to be done.

• The first problem for all of us, men and women, is not to learn, but to unlearn.

• We've begun to raise daughters more like sons... but few have the courage to raise our sons more like our daughters.

• We can tell our values by looking at our checkbook stubs.

• Women may be the one group that grows more radical with age.

• But the problem is that when I go around and speak on campuses, I still don't get young men standing up and saying, "How can I combine career and family?"

• Now we have the dreams and tools to move beyond words and history, beyond the possible to the imagined, and into a life both ancient and new, where we will look back to see our present dreams trailing behind us as markers of where we have been. [1994]

• Each of us has an inner compass that helps us know where to go and what to do. Its signals are interest, the joy of understanding for its own sake, and the sort of fear that is a sign of being in new territory -- and therefore of growth.

• A liberated woman is one who has sex before marriage and a job after.

• Someone asked me why women don't gamble as much as men do, and I gave the commonsensical reply that we don't have as much money. That was a true and incomplete answer. In fact, women's total instinct for gambling is satisfied by marriage.

• We know that we can do what men can do, but we still don't know that men can do what women can do. That's absolutely crucial. We can't go on doing two jobs.

• Some of us are becoming the men we wanted to marry.

• Most women are one man away from welfare. [or] Most of us are only one man away from welfare. [the second is more likely the original]

• [About Geraldine Ferraro's candidacy:] What has the women's movement learned from her candidacy for vice president? Never get married.

• [After her marriage at age 66 to David Bale] "If I had got married when I was supposed to have in my 20s, I would have lost almost all my civil rights. I wouldn't have had my own name, my own legal residence, my own credit rating. I would have had to get a husband to sign off on a bank loan, or starting a business. It's changed profoundly.

• If women are supposed to be less rational and more emotional at the beginning of our menstrual cycle when the female hormone is at its lowest level, then why isn't it logical to say that, in those few days, women behave the most like the way men behave all month long?

• Law and justice are not always the same. When they aren't, destroying the law may be the first step toward changing it.

• Most women's magazines simply try to mold women into bigger and better consumers.

• I have met brave women who are exploring the outer edge of human possibility, with no history to guide them, and with a courage to make themselves vulnerable that I find moving beyond words.

• If the shoe doesn't fit, must we change the foot?

• The truth will set you free. But first, it will piss you off.

• Power can be taken, but not given. The process of the taking is empowerment in itself.

• A pedestal is as much a prison as any small, confined space.

• The family is the basic cell of government: it is where we are trained to believe that we are human beings or that we are chattel, it is where we are trained to see the sex and race divisions and become callous to injustice even if it is done to ourselves, to accept as biological a full system of authoritarian government.

• Happy or unhappy, families are all mysterious. We have only to imagine how differently we would be described -- and will be, after our deaths -- by each of the family members who believe they know us.

• I don't breed well in captivity.

• Childbirth is more admirable than conquest, more amazing than self-defense, and as courageous as either one.

• Most American children suffer too much mother and too little father.

• The authority of any governing institution must stop at its citizen's skin.

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